About Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park is a renowned wildlife sanctuary located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. Covering an expansive area of about 874 square kilometers, it is part of the larger Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and forms a critical link in the forested landscape that extends across southern India.
The park is celebrated for its rich biodiversity, encompassing various species of mammals, birds, and vegetation. Visitors to Bandipur have the chance to spot a diverse range of wildlife, including Bengal tigers, Indian elephants, leopards, gaurs (Indian bison), and numerous species of deer. The park is also a haven for bird enthusiasts, with over 200 species of avian life recorded within its boundaries.
Bandipur's terrain varies from dry deciduous forests to open grasslands and dense bamboo thickets, offering a captivating and diverse landscape for nature lovers. To protect the wildlife and their habitats, vehicular movement is restricted within the park, ensuring a serene and undisturbed environment. Bandipur National Park stands as a testament to India's commitment to wildlife conservation and remains a must-visit destination for those interested in experiencing the country's natural beauty and wildlife.
Bandipur National Park, situated in the state of Karnataka, India, has a rich history of conservation and wildlife protection. Originally a hunting ground for the Maharaja of Mysore, it was declared a protected area in 1931, making it one of India's earliest wildlife sanctuaries. In 1973, it became one of the first of India's tiger reserves under Project Tiger. Its status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve underscores its ecological significance. Over the years, the park has played a pivotal role in preserving endangered species like the Bengal tiger and Indian elephant.
The region around Bandipur National Park is steeped in the vibrant culture of Karnataka. Visitors can experience traditional dances like Yakshagana and classical music, which are integral to the local heritage. The park's proximity to numerous small villages allows tourists to engage with the indigenous communities and gain insight into their lifestyles, art, and cuisine.
Bandipur is home to various tribal communities, such as the Soligas and Jenu Kurubas, who have inhabited the region for centuries. Their coexistence with the park's wildlife demonstrates a harmonious relationship between humans and nature. The park also draws tourists from around the world who appreciate its biodiversity and the local culture. These visitors contribute to the local economy and engage with conservation efforts.
Best Time to Visit
The ideal time to visit Bandipur is during the winter months from October to March when the weather is pleasant.
Places to Visit in Bandipur National Park
Gopalaswamy Betta: This hill is known for its stunning panoramic views of the park and is a popular spot for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.
Moyar River: Ideal for a leisurely picnic or a peaceful walk, the Moyar River flows through the park and offers a serene atmosphere to unwind.
Safari Rides: Safaris are the best way to explore the park's diverse wildlife. Bandipur offers jeep and elephant safaris, allowing you to spot tigers, elephants, leopards, and various bird species in their natural habitat.
Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple: Located on the border of the park, this ancient temple is set amidst lush forests and provides a spiritual retreat within the wilderness.
Butterfly Park: This park is a unique attraction, hosting a wide variety of colorful butterflies that add to the park's charm.