Bijapur is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Bijapur district. Bijapur is located about 530 km northwest of the state capital, Bangalore. The city was the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty of the Deccan, from 1490 to 1686. The city is home to Gol Gumbaz, one of the largest single- dome domes in the world. The city is also known for the 16th-century Ibrahim Rauza, which is a tomb of the second ruler of the dynasty, Ibrahim Adil Shah II. Bijapur is the birthplace of the Carnatic musician Syama Sastri, who was one of the Trinity of Carnatic music.