Nainital is a city located in the state of Uttarakhand, India. Nainital is situated in the Kumaon Hills of the outer Himalayas. It is the administrative headquarters of Nainital district. It is known for its scenic beauty, lakes, and temples. Nainital was the summer capital of the United Kingdom's province of the North-Western Provinces, now the state of Uttarakhand.
Nainital is located in the Kumaon Hills at an altitude of 2,118 metres (6,907 feet). The city spreads across a ridge of the hills, with a lake in the centre. The lake, Naini Lake, is fed by an underground channel from the nearby Sat Tal (seven lakes). Nainital has been described as "The most beautiful town in India."
History of Nainital
The history of Nainital is quite interesting and can be traced back to the 1800s. The region around Nainital was ruled by the Kumaon Kingdom. The Kumaon Kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company in 1815. Nainital became the summer capital of the British Raj's province of the North-Western Provinces. The hill station served as a refuge for British civil servants during the hot season.
The British first discovered Nainital in 1819 and they were quite impressed by its natural beauty. They decided to make it their summer capital and soon, the town became quite popular among the British. In fact, Nainital was even mentioned in the writings of Rudyard Kipling. The town continued to grow in popularity and soon became a popular tourist destination.
Culture of Nainital
The town is also known for its culture, which is a mix of Hindu and British influences. One of the most distinctive aspects of Nainital's culture is its food. The town is known for its local dishes, which include a type of flatbread called makkhan, a type of chicken curry called murghi, and a dessert made with milk and flour called kulfi.
Another important aspect of Nainital's culture is its religious festivals. The town celebrates a number of Hindu festivals, including Dussehra, Diwali, and Holi. It also celebrates a number of Christian festivals, including Christmas and Easter.
Nainital is also home to a number of cultural institutions, including the Nainital Arts Centre and the Nainital Public Library. These institutions play an important role in preserving and promoting the town's culture. The culture of Nainital is unique and fascinating, and it is definitely worth exploring if you are visiting the town.
People of Nainital
The people of Nainital are mainly of the Kumaoni Brahmin community. The town is also home to a number of other Hindu and Sikh communities. The people of Nainital are known for their hospitality and the town is a popular tourist destination.
Best time to Visit Nainital
The best time to visit Nainital is from April to June and September to November. The weather is pleasant during these months and the views are spectacular.
July and August are the peak tourist season in Nainital and the city is crowded with tourists. The weather is hot and humid during these months and the views are not as good as during the other months.
Nainital is a great place to visit during the winter months as well. The city is covered in snow and the views are beautiful. However, the temperatures can be quite cold during this time.
Top places to visit in Nainital
Some of the top places to visit in Nainital are:
1. Naini Lake: This placid lake, located in the heart of Nainital, is the most popular tourist spot in the town. It offers lovely views of the surrounding hills and is a great place for boating and swimming.
2. Tiffin Top: This hilltop located close to Naini Lake offers stunning views of the valley below. It is a popular spot for watching the sunrise and sunset.
3. Kilbury: This hill station, located around 20 km from Nainital, is a great place for nature lovers. It offers lovely views of the Himalayas and is home to a variety of flora and fauna.
4. Bhimtal: This lake town, located around 19 km from Nainital, is a popular spot for fishing and boating. It is also home to the Bhimtal Lake, one of the largest lakes in the region.
5. Naukuchiatal: This picturesque lake town, located around 9 km from Nainital, is home to the Naukuchiatal Lake, which is said to be the deepest lake in the region. It is a great spot for trout fishing and bird watching.
6. Haldwani: This town, located around 25 km from Nainital, is the commercial hub of the region. It is a great place to buy traditional handicrafts and souvenirs.
7. Corbett National Park: This wildlife park, located around 130 km from Nainital, is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, and elephants. It is a great place for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.