Incredibly breathtaking, pleasantly boisterous and wreathed in clouds - Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim, is one of the most popular hill stations in India. Lying at the height of 1650 m above sea level, the town during its bright sunny days offers spectacular views of Mt. Kanchenjunga. Gangtok is a base for adventure enthusiasts comprising trekkers and campers to the Himalayan mountain ranges. During the months of March to Mid-May, the blooming of wild Rhododendrons transform the surrounding regions into vast fields of colourful carpets. Its name means hill-top, Gangtok can be safely said to be one of the most beautiful hill stations in the country. With everything in just the right amount from a blend of cultural identities to urbanisation, Gangtok is a breathing and dynamic bit of paradise in the northeast. Gangtok and its surrounding regions are abundant in natural beauty and have various natural attractions such as the Tsomgo Lake, Ban Jhakri falls, Tashi viewpoint and more. Other places to visit include many famous religious sites such as the Enchey Monastery, Ganesh Tok, Do Drul Chorten Rumtek Monastery, etc. Also, river Teesta is one of the best spots for white water rafting in North East India.
Gangtok is a popular tourist destination, with many visitors coming to enjoy its natural beauty and the Tibetan culture. The city has a number of hotels and restaurants, and there are also several shopping malls.
History of Gangtok
Gangtok was founded in 1894 as a small hamlet and became the capital of the newly formed Sikkim in 1975. The town is spread across an area of 7.39 square kilometres (2.87 sq mi) and has a population of around 150,000. Gangtok is the main commercial and tourist center of Sikkim and is known for its natural beauty, Buddhist culture, and the variety of flora and fauna.
The area around Gangtok has been inhabited since antiquity. The first recorded mention of the town is from 1894, when it was founded as a small hamlet by the Chogyal (king) of Sikkim. In 1894, the Chogyal appointed a British military officer, Major James Richardson, as the first Political Officer in Gangtok. Richardson built the first house in the town and laid the foundation for the development of Gangtok. In January 1894, Richardson's wife gave birth to the first child in Gangtok, a daughter named Alice.
In 1894, Gangtok was declared the capital of the newly formed Sikkim. In 1905, the Chogyal of Sikkim appointed a new British Political Officer, Edmund Candler. Candler made a number of improvements to the town, including the construction of a hospital, a school, and a hydroelectric plant. He also encouraged the development of agriculture in the area and promoted the cultivation of oranges, which were then exported to Calcutta.
In 1947, after India gained independence from British rule, Sikkim became an Indian protectorate. In 1975, Sikkim was merged into India as a full-fledged state. Gangtok was declared the capital of the new state.
Since 1975, Gangtok has developed into a major commercial and tourist center. The town is known for its natural beauty, Buddhist culture, and the variety of flora and fauna. The area around Gangtok is home to a number of Buddhist monasteries and temples, including the Rumtek Monastery, the Banjhakri Falls, and the Tashi Viewpoint. The town is also a popular destination for trekking and hiking.
People of Gangtok
Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim, is a beautiful city located in the eastern Himalayas at an altitude of 5,500 feet. Gangtok is ethnically and culturally diverse with people of different religions and linguistic backgrounds residing here. The people of Gangtok are friendly and welcoming and are known for their hospitality.
The majority of the people in Gangtok are of Nepali descent and most of them follow the Hindu religion. There is a significant population of Sikkimese Buddhists too. There are also people of Tibetan, Bhutia, and Marwari descent living in Gangtok. The people of Gangtok are multilingual and can speak Nepali, Hindi, Sikkimese, and English.
The people of Gangtok are hardworking and are known for their entrepreneurship. There are many small businesses run by the local people in Gangtok. The people are also known for their love of food and there are many restaurants in the city serving local and international cuisine.
The people of Gangtok are warm and welcoming and are always happy to help. They are proud people and take great pride in their city and their culture. Gangtok is a beautiful city with a rich culture and warm people and is definitely worth a visit.
Best time to visit Gangtok
Most people visit Gangtok, the capital city of Sikkim, during the summer months of April to June. However, the best time to visit Gangtok is during the winter months of November to February. The weather is cool and the skies are clear, making it an ideal time to visit the city’s many attractions.
Best places to visit in Jaipur
1. Tsomgo Lake: Located about 40 kilometers from Gangtok, Tsomgo Lake is a glacial lake that is surrounded by snow-capped mountains. The lake is a popular tourist destination and offers breathtaking views.
2. Nathula Pass: Nathula Pass is a mountain pass that lies on the Indo-China border. The pass is open only to Indian and Chinese nationals and offers some of the most stunning views of the Himalayas.
3. Rumtek Monastery: Rumtek Monastery is the most important monastery in Sikkim and is home to the Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism. The monastery is a beautiful example of Tibetan architecture and is worth a visit.
4. Do Drul Chorten: Do Drul Chorten is a Stupa located in Gangtok that is said to be the second most sacred place in Sikkim after Rumtek Monastery. The Stupa is a beautiful example of Tibetan architecture and is worth a visit.
5. Enchey Monastery: Enchey Monastery is a Buddhist monastery located in Gangtok. The monastery is said to be one of the most haunted places in Sikkim and is worth a visit for its eerie atmosphere.
6. Ganesh Tok: Ganesh Tok is a temple located in Gangtok that is dedicated to the Hindu god, Lord Ganesh. The temple is a beautiful example of Indian architecture and a must visit place.
7. Sikkim Himalayan Zoological Park: Sikkim Himalayan Zoological Park is a zoo located in Gangtok that is home to a variety of animals from the Himalayas. The zoo is a great place to visit for a day of wildlife viewing.
8. Changu Lake: Changu Lake is a glacial lake located at an altitude of 12,400 feet. The lake is a popular tourist destination and is known for its stunning views.
9. Tsongmoi Gompa: Tsongmoi Gompa is a Buddhist monastery located in Gangtok. The monastery is known for its beautiful murals and is worth a visit.
10. Directorate of Tourism: The Directorate of Tourism is the government body responsible for the development and promotion of tourism in Sikkim. The office is a great place to get information on all the tourist destinations in Sikkim.