Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and its largest city. Located in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, it is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city has a population of 801,000 residents, and its metropolitan area has a population of 1.3 million residents. Jerusalem was founded over 3,000 years ago and is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible over 600 times. The city is home to the Western Wall, the holiest site in Judaism, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the holiest site in Christianity. Jerusalem is also home to the Dome of the Rock, the third holiest site in Islam. The city is a major tourist destination, with over 3 million tourists visiting each year. Jerusalem is also a popular destination for business travelers, with the city hosting numerous international conferences each year.