Goalpara is an administrative district in the state of Assam in northeastern India. The district headquarters are located at Goalpara Town.
Goalpara district was constituted on 1 July 1960, when it was carved out of the erstwhile Kamrup district. The district is named after the Goalpara River, which flows through it.
The district is bounded by the Brahmaputra River in the north and east, the Dhubri district in the west, and the Barpeta district in the south. The district has a hilly terrain with an average elevation of 78 metres (256 ft). The eastern part of the district is covered by the Brahmaputra Valley Lowlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion, while the western and southern parts are covered by the North Eastern Hills moist deciduous forests ecoregion.
Goalpara district is home to a number of indigenous and migrant communities. The Rabha and Hajong people are the largest indigenous communities, while the Bengali and Assamese people are the largest migrant communities. The district has a large Muslim population.
The district is divided into six revenue subdivisions: Goalpara, Dudhnathpur, Rupsi, Baghbar, Bilasipara, and Lakhipur. The district has one municipality, Goalpara Town, and four community development blocks: Dudhnathpur, Rupsi, Bilasipara, and Lakhipur. There are 116 gram panchayats in the district.
The district is predominantly rural, with a population density of 56 people per square kilometre (146/sq mi). The majority of the population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Rice and pulses are the main crops grown in the district.
Goalpara district has a number of tourist destinations, including the Kamakhya Temple, the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, the Hajong Heritage Park, and the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary. The district is also home to the world's largest river island, Majuli.