Barpeta is a district in Assam state in northeastern India. The district headquarters are located at Barpeta town. The district occupies an area of 2,362 square kilometers. As of 2011, it had a population of 1,362,711. The district is bounded by the Kamrup district to the north, the Nalbari district to the west, the Dhubri district to the south, and the Goalpara district to the east. The Brahmaputra River forms the eastern boundary of the district.
Barpetata has a tropical wet and dry climate. The average annual rainfall is 1,600 millimeters. The district is home to a number of ethnic and tribal groups, including the Assamese, the Bodo, the Rabha, the Santhali, and the Tiwa. The economy of the district is based largely on agriculture. Rice is the principal crop. Other crops include maize, pulses, oilseeds, and vegetables. The district has a number of tourist attractions, including the Barpeta Satra, the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Kamakhya Temple.