Kolhapur is a city located in the state of Maharashtra in India. It is the district headquarters of Kolhapur District. Kolhapur is the fourth largest city in the state of Maharashtra after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. It is known as the "Queen of the Deccan" and is also the cultural capital of Maharashtra. Kolhapur is located on the banks of the Panchganga River. The city of Kolhapur was founded in the 11th century by Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, the grandson of the founder of the Maratha Empire, Shivaji. Kolhapur was an important cultural and commercial centre in the Deccan region during the 18th and 19th centuries. The city is known for its traditional Marathi culture, cuisine and architecture. It is also home to several important Hindu and Jain temples. Kolhapur is an important industrial and commercial centre in western Maharashtra. The city's industries include cotton textiles, sugar milling, pharmaceuticals, automobile production and leather processing. Kolhapur is also a major agricultural centre, with a large number of cotton, sugarcane, groundnut and soybean crops. Kolhapur has a large number of tourist attractions including the Mahalakshmi Temple, the Rankala Lake, the New Palace, the Siddhagiri Math and the Ashtavinayak temples. The city is also home to a number of museums, including the Kolhapur Municipal Museum and the Shivaji Maharaj Museum.