Hailakandi is a town and a municipality in Hailakandi district in the Indian state of Assam. Hailakandi is located at . It has an average elevation of 116 metres (381 feet). India census, Hailakandi had a population of 83,871. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Hailakandi has an average literacy rate of 83%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 88%, and female literacy is 78%. In Hailakandi, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. The Hailakandi district is inhabited by a large number of tribes. The main tribes are the Karbis, the Dimasas, the Tiwas and the Muslims. The Karbis are the major tribe in the district.
The Dimasa tribe is concentrated in the southern part of the district, mainly in the Dima Hasao district. The Tiwa tribe is concentrated in the eastern part of the district. The Muslim tribe is mainly concentrated in the Hailakandi town area and in the western part of the district. The Hailakandi district is one of the most beautiful and picturesque districts of Assam. The district is bounded by the Bangladesh border on the east and the south. The district is surrounded by the Karbi Anglong district on the north and the west. The main rivers of the district are the Barak and the Katakhal. The Barak River is the largest river in the district. The Katakhal River is a tributary of the Barak River. The district has a large number of tea gardens. The main tea gardens are the Dikom Tea Estate, the Laitkor Tea Estate, the Mancotta Tea Estate and the Nahor Tea Estate. The district has a large number of rubber plantations. The main rubber plantations are the Barak Rubber Plant